HEALTHY ANIMALS ARE THE KEY TO SUCCESS
One of the mistakes of novice rabbit breeders is a conniving attitude to animal health. There are many breeds of rabbits. Each has certain characteristics, but rabbits of any breed have common behavioral norms. It is important for a rabbit breeder to learn to recognize the onset of disease in time by the behavior of animals. Otherwise, the disease will quickly spread from one individual to the entire herd.
Signs of the disease are easily identified by the General condition of the animal. It becomes inactive, gets stuck in a corner, does not take food and water. Depending on the type of disease, the rabbit may have a cloudy look, changes in the color and shape of the stool, restless breathing, etc. In the presence of any symptoms, it is necessary to immediately isolate the animal in a separate cage or room, call a veterinarian. Rabbits are gentle creatures, prone to a variety of diseases. To prevent most of them, it is necessary to vaccinate the herd.
It is also important for a novice rabbit breeder to know that animals have very soft skin, and the rabbit can easily get injured by sharp parts of the cage. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the cells, so that they do not have sharp edges. If the animal is injured, it is necessary to immediately treat the wound.
HOW TO MAKE A COZY HOME FOR RABBITS
A common mistake of novice rabbit breeders is not following the rules of keeping rabbits. Animals can be kept in cages, cages, pits, etc. Experts believe that domestic rabbits it is better to organize during cellular contents. Cages for rabbits must meet certain indicators.
Rabbits are prone to respiratory diseases so it is impossible to prevent drafts in the cells. The temperature should be in the range of 12-18 degrees. Rabbits react painfully to sudden changes in temperature and high humidity. Humidity in the room can meet the standards of 60-70 percent. Lighting should correspond to the natural light day. In the summer, you need to make sure that the rabbits are not under direct sunlight.
Special attention should be paid to the sanitary condition of cells. It is necessary to keep animals clean, periodically cleaning the cells from animal waste products. Feces and urine, decomposing, emit harmful substances that can lead to the death of rabbits.
Rabbit farming at home requires a special attitude to the winter maintenance of rabbits. During the frost period, animals can get frostbite, catch a cold, and even die. If the rabbit house is located in a closed room, then it can be heated in various ways. If the cells are located outside the premises, they need to be insulated. First of all, lay a large layer of hay or straw on the floor. The walls of cells should also be insulated with plywood sheets, leaving small areas for ventilation. With proper housing organization, rabbits grow healthy, quickly gaining weight.
A VARIED DIET FOR RAPID GROWTH
Many novice farmers mistakenly believe that rabbits are unpretentious to eat and do not require a variety of food. In fact, a monotonous diet can lead to a violation of the metabolism and consequently-to the disease of animals. Rabbit farming for beginners provides for the presence of hay, grain, fresh grass, roots, twigs in the diet for one adult animal per year. It is advisable to feed rabbits every day at the same hours.
Grain mixture, the main components of which are wheat, oats and barley, can be given in dry form, can be steamed or sprouted.
There are special compound feeds for rabbits, enriched with vitamins and trace elements. Since the spring, the diet must to add green dried grass. It is important to know that not all grass is suitable for rabbit food. There are poisonous plants, for example, buttercups, which can kill animals. When drying, the poisonous substances in the grass disappear, so in the hay they are not afraid of animals.
Experienced farmers use a mix of vegetables, mixed feed or grain, and various vitamin supplements.
Vitamin supplements play a major role in the development and growth of healthy individuals with high-quality fur. Meat and bone meal and fish meal, rich in minerals, are used. In small quantities, you should add table salt to the feed, without it, rabbits lag behind in development. Especially necessary are vitamin and mineral supplements in winter, when the green grass disappears from the diet of rabbits.
Beginning rabbit breeders should know that in no case should substances with signs of mold and rot get into the feed of animals – rabbits can die.
HOW TO GET HEALTHY OFFSPRING
Often novice rabbit breeders tend to believe that the number of rabbits per year can easily be increased tenfold. In principle, they are right, but this result requires a lot of effort and time from the farmer. According to experts, you can start a domestic rabbit farm by buying several females from different litters and one male. Sexual maturity of animals occurs already by 4 months, but experts advise to breed rabbits at the age of no earlier than 7-8 months when they will gain enough weight and get stronger.
The female bears her baby rabbits for about a month – from 27 to 33 days. It is necessary to make sure that the pregnant female does not experience stress, does not get scared. In the cage for it should be equipped with a nest of hay. Before giving birth, the rabbit begins to prepare a nest for the baby rabbits, pinches the down from the belly. It is important to ensure that the cage always has clean drinking water. In the absence of drinking, the rabbit can eat the droppings.
Small rabbits need increased care and attention of their owners. They are born without wool, blind, weighing about 50 grams, after a week their weight doubles, and by the month – increases by 10 times. This is due to the high-fat content and nutritional content of rabbit milk.
During the first weeks, the rabbits are completely helpless. Once outside the nest, they can die from hypothermia. Therefore, the farmer needs to constantly monitor the litter, to see if all the rabbits are fed. With about three weeks of age, the young rabbits begin to eat the food. Still, you should keep young animals close to your mother for about two months. During this time, the rabbits become strong.
Young animals should be fed nutritious and light feeds. Include vitamins, powdered milk, cooked and raw vegetables, mixed feed.