ADVANTAGES OF RAISING TURKEYS
But no matter how good turkeys are, growing them has its own difficulties and disadvantages.
If Turkey meat is so healthy, why they are not everyone ready to give up the usual chickens and geese for the sake of raising turkeys? What are the pros and cons of breeding them? Does it make sense to breed these domestic birds on your site?
First of all, it is worth noting, of course, the benefits of dietary Turkey meat: low cholesterol, a large number of important vitamins, amino acids, and trace elements, Turkey is easily digested and does not cause allergies. Turkey’s liver is no less useful – it has a high content of useful folic acid and vitamin K.
You can buy Turkey in the store, but growing turkeys yourself, you will be sure of the complete harmlessness and freshness of their meat. If there are pregnant or nursing women in your family, small children, if one of the family members is engaged in hard physical labor or constantly suffers from stress and insomnia, then you should definitely start raising turkeys!
Turkey eggs occupy the third place in terms of their taste and dietary properties after quail and Guinea fowl, and after Turkey eggs are followed by chicken eggs. The only disadvantage is that turkeys bring fewer eggs than hens.
Those who are interested in the financial side of the issue in poultry farming will be interested to know that Turkey farming pays off fairly quickly and begins to bring a good profit. Especially if you consider that Turkey meat is more expensive than chicken meat, and is much less common on sales. In addition, turkeys from the age of three months quickly gain weight, outstripping chickens in this respect. 60 % of the live weight of turkeys is muscle mass, which is useful white meat.
In order to make a profit, you can implement:
- Turkey meat,
- down and feathers,
- young Turkey poults.
As for the conditions of keeping, turkeys are arranged in the same room in which chickens are usually raised, only the nests for laying hens need to be provided with a larger size and build roosts in such a way that for each bird there is 40 cm of free space. The poultry house should be light, dry and spacious.
In food, turkeys are unpretentious, they can be fed with fresh wet mixes with vegetables and root vegetables, mixed feed, hay. In summer, they are released to pastures, where the turkeys eat greens and insects.
CONS OF RAISING TURKEYS
Many poultry farmers do not risk breeding turkeys because of the difficulties with raising small turkeys. The risk of death of Chicks at a tender age is very high. But if you know the basic rules of how to raise turkeys and take care of the young, you have nothing to fear.
Here’s what you need to remember to prevent the death of turkeys:
- try to maintain +33 degrees in the first five days of life of Chicks, +27 degrees before 10 days, +23 degrees after 11 days of life of turkeys;
- turkeys with white plumage need a higher temperature than Chicks with dark plumage;
- do not allow sudden temperature changes in the room where small turkeys live;
- when raising Chicks under a mother Turkey, it is enough to maintain a temperature of about + 23 degrees in the poultry house;
- before the formation of skin growths on the neck, young birds (by 5 weeks) are very sensitive to dampness – do not release birds into the yard when dew falls and on rainy days;
- small turkeys are fed crushed food on thick paper so that they do not damage their beaks on a hard surface, otherwise, it can lead to their death.
Small turkeys can not be kept together with chickens and chickens, because as a result of living together, turkeys can get enterohepatic. In contrast to chickens, turkeys are timider, more susceptible to colds and are not used to changing the environment or changing the feed. Spoiled food can easily cause diseases and death of turkeys.
Water turkeys pour only fresh, always at room temperature. Try to provide such a structure of the drinking bowl that small turkeys can easily reach the water, but can not get into it. The feed should also be constantly fresh: regularly remove uneaten leftovers from feeders, prepare bags immediately before feeding, so that they do not turn sour, do not allow moldy and musty products to get into the feed. As the water bottles and feeders become dirty, they will need to be washed out.