OPTIONS FOR KEEPING PIGS IN PRIVATE FARMS AND ON PIG FARMS
There are many reasons for this:
- pork is perfectly digested and contains essential amino acids, vitamins, and fatty acids;
- feed costs for pigs are lower than for cattle or sheep;
- the yield of pulp from a pig carcass can reach 87%;
- of the domestic animals, pigs are the most fertile;
- copulation lasts for an average of 115 days, and on average every sow gives birth twice a year;
- for further breeding, piglets are suitable already at six months of age, and some breeds and earlier;
- keeping pigs at home does not require significant costs – you can start with an ordinary barn, converted into a pigsty;
- pig products will never be superfluous at home, in addition, their sale can earn money, turning pig farming into a profitable business.
But to achieve the desired results in pig farming, you need to know the basic rules of keeping pigs, and well understand how to take care of pigs.
When raising pigs on a personal farmstead, you can keep animals in a plank shed in summer, but in winter you will already need a warm pigsty. When building a pigsty, you need to take care that the room is quite spacious, bright, warm and dry. Additional insulation of the shed can be achieved by lining the building outside with straw. To provide fresh air, provide ventilation or ventilate the barn while the animals are on the paddock.
The arrangement of a paddock when keeping pigs in a personal farmstead is necessary: thanks to walks, animals get less sick, the quality and taste of pork improve. In addition, if you feed pigs on warm days in the paddock and let them walk for twenty minutes after feeding, they will defecate outside, so the humidity in the pigsty will be lower.
In the barn, it is recommended to place pigs in groups in looms. Individual machines will be needed for boars, for pregnant and nursing sows. Young animals can be kept on 30 heads in one machine, idle, and repair boars-on 10 heads. Sows in the cold season are additionally arranged for the time of farrowing – a plank or plywood house with a climbing roof and a climbing ladder, so that it is more convenient to change the litter.
Feeders and waterers are securely attached to the front wall of the machines, and you can make them yourself. On the floor of the machine lay a litter of straw and change it as the contamination parts, adding fresh straw.
In pig-breeding complexes, there are three ways to keep pigs:
In warm areas, free-range maintenance is common, in which the paddock is divided into sections so that pigs can freely walk out of each machine to a private area for walking through manholes on swinging valves.
Machine-run maintenance is more typical for the average climate zone – animals are placed in machines, and in the walls, there are manholes with dense doors leading to the paddock. Let the pigs out for a walk only in Sunny weather.
On pig farms with multi-story, tier-cage or floor placement of pigs, a non-piggyback option can be used, in which the animals are kept exclusively on the premises throughout their life, no walking is provided.
COMPETENT CARE OF PIGS IN THE HOUSEHOLD
Purchased piglets are first placed for some time in a separate room for quarantine, otherwise, if one Piglet turns out to be a carrier of any viral disease, all the livestock may be infected.
The rules for caring for pigs are clear and simple:
- it is important to maintain a suitable temperature in the barn (for young animals from + 18 to + 22 degrees, for adult pigs from + 12 to + 16 degrees);
- humidity in the pigsty should not be higher than 85%, ideally-70%;
- pigs, and especially piglets, are contraindicated drafts, cold and dampness;
- keep the piggery clean, and a good sanitary condition of the premises is the key to pig health;
- without walking in the fresh air, young people develop rickets more often and growth is delayed;
- change the water in your drinkers more often;
- clean the feeders after each feeding and rinse them with lye once a week;
- once a month carry out disinfection and disinsection of the pigsty;
- feed piglets up to three months on five times a day, young-four times, adult pigs-three times a day, always adhering to the regime and the correct diet.
When preparing food for pigs, remember that it is better to give root vegetables raw, in a finely chopped form, but potatoes must be steamed or boiled. Bran and flour are recommended to be slightly moistened before feeding – on wetted feed, pigs grow faster than on liquid “chatterboxes”.