IS GUINEA FOWL PROFITABLE-KEEPING AND CARING FOR “EXOTIC” BIRDS AT HOME
The efficiency of a typical farm sector is usually no more than 40% with standard poultry or animal care. Guinea fowls, whose maintenance and care do not require much effort, can bring the farmer up to 80% of the profit per season. Find out what you need to do to reach this figure.
THE CONTENTS OF GUINEA FOWL IN THE HOME AND WHAT ARE ITS ADVANTAGE
Breeding these birds is not only interesting but also profitable because they bring a good profit, do not require special care, are very resistant to many diseases and temperature changes. They have a lot of advantages over ordinary chickens or geese. Let’s consider the most noticeable “advantages”.
Meat is in great demand, it is dietary, delicious. The yield is up to 85%, which is a good indicator, and 22-25% is brisket – the most precious product. One of the main advantages of meat is its aroma, the taste of the game, which simply does not exist in ordinary chickens or ducks. It contains 23% protein and only 4% fat.
They lay a lot of eggs. On average, from 1 individual, you can take up to 120 pieces, and the weight of each reaches 40 grams (a chicken egg is 55-60 grams, for example). They are very useful for human health, contain a large amount of carotene, lysine, manganese, and magnesium. According to their taste qualities, they are much better than any known egg, only quail eggs can compete with them. They are stored for several months and even years, so they are used on many long-distance vessels as an “eternal” product.
Excellent adaptability and resistance to weather conditions. The survival rate of young animals is 98%, they can withstand frosts of up to -35 degrees in an unheated poultry house.
It can be implemented after 45-50 days, gaining 1.3-1.5 kilograms of live weight. Females are 25-30% larger than males, and they can reach up to 2.8 kg at the age of 1 year.
Excellent appearance. They are not only profitable but also a worthy decoration of your yard. Many people start them for this purpose.
To date, there are more than 20 varieties of this bird, which are divided into white Guinea fowl, blue, gray. The most oviparous are the whites, they are able to bring 120 eggs to the farmer per year. Gray, blue breeds are more beautiful in appearance, a little larger, are bred mainly for the purpose of obtaining delicious meat.
FEATURES OF GROWING GUINEA FOWL – WHAT A FARMER NEEDS TO KNOW
First of all, you need to purchase healthy young animals, which will grow by leaps and bounds, and in a couple of months will be ready for implementation. To do this, you need to use the services of reputable poultry supply companies. After the young stock is purchased, we proceed directly to its cultivation. In order for the bird to always be healthy, feel comfortable, grow quickly, and fly often, it is necessary to follow the following rules.
In the room where the bird is kept, there should be no drafts – this is a mandatory condition for keeping Guinea fowls. They can catch a cold even at a temperature of +15 degrees if the wind “walks” in the poultry house. Therefore, check the integrity of the room and the presence of holes of various kinds in it.
Disinfection of the poultry house is carried out every 3-4 weeks, so it is desirable to make the walls and ceiling smooth so that it is convenient to clean it. Care for Guinea fowls cannot exclude this point, since young birds are quite sensitive to some infectious diseases and parasites. They can be attacked by helminths, Salmonella, and Escherichia coli.
The grid in the cage should have a solid surface, but not smooth, so that they can walk normally. You can not use a grid with a cell greater than 10 mm for birds aged from 3 weeks, and for smaller individuals, it is not recommended to use a grid at all – they often break their fingers when running on it. Everything is done as in the cultivation of broilers – nothing new needs to be invented.
You can not often “mix” birds of different groups. The same cage can not accommodate white and black Guinea fowl, the content should be separate, or you need to accustom them to their neighbors from a young age, otherwise, they will fight. Mass gain and good egg production are simply impossible in this case.
The basic rules of how to keep Guinea fowl we have considered, now we will go directly to the process of feeding, growing, and selling them. In fact, you can feed them anything, keep them in any room and cage-they easily take root, do not fretful and can be without a poultry house at all. But if you need to get a lot from them, follow this instruction.
The density of planting chickens should not be 10 heads per 1 square meter. Up to the age of 3 weeks, you can plant 15 heads per meter, but no more. This bird is free, it grows well only in free space, if you do not provide it, it will gain weight for a very long time, and may also refuse to lay at all. Each cage should have 1 feeder and 1 waterer, you can not combine several groups of birds in the same territory for food – they will fight for food, get injured.
It is necessary to make special tanning beds, that is, illuminated places where young individuals will go out to warm themselves. They should also have shade in their enclosure so that they can regulate their own body temperature and choose the optimal conditions for laying eggs. A prerequisite is the constant availability of water, especially in summer. If they are hot, they should come to the water trough at any time. If the level of fluid in the body is low at a high ambient temperature, they can get heatstroke.
The most unpretentious bird to eat are Guinea fowls, maintenance and care will not be difficult, since they eat almost all the foot food. They can be kept on a “green diet”, or given mealy, concentrated feed, cereals, roots and fruits, berries, waste from the table – they eat everything.
For the first 5-9 days, the Chicks should be fed egg yolk with green onions, as when feeding small ducklings or goslings, but the onion needs a little more and you can transfer it to different grasses after 5 days, the main thing is to chop the feed finely. You need a lot of water, and it is desirable to soak the feed in it for the first time, because young birds are very bad at perceiving mealy food, they can choke. On the grain mix, flour, bran, other grain waste, they can be planted gradually, at 5 weeks of growth, they are transferred completely to the goose diet so that they gain more weight.
It is advisable to feed the bird 3-4 times a day at least, even better if you have feeders constantly filled with feed, so that if desired, Guinea fowls can come to eat when they want. You can give vitamins, especially useful fish oil and b vitamins, so that food is better digested and digested.
TEMPERATURE AND LIGHT MODE
Small Chicks like very high temperatures, they should be kept at 34-35 degrees for the first week, then you can reduce it to +30 degrees in the second week, and when the bird reaches a month of age and will have normal plumage, it can be left at +18 degrees. Adult Guinea fowl easily tolerate low temperatures, but in cold weather, the weight decreases sharply. To prevent this from happening, you need to keep them in a heated poultry house, maintain +10-15 degrees throughout the winter.
Determine whether your Pets are cold or not, you can by their appearance: if they curl, huddle in piles – you need to raise the temperature in the room. If they sit separately and seem very lethargic, they should be given normal conditions and allowed to cool down a little. White Guinea fowl always spread their wings, open their beak, and breathe often if they are too stuffy.
Guinea fowls need a little more light than normal poultry, especially if you are counting on intensive rearing. For the first 2-3 weeks, you need to maintain a light day of 20 hours a day, after a week you can reduce it to 18 hours, preferably so that the lighting is not too bright, for a room of 10 square meters, a 45-watt bulb will be enough, better-2 for 20 watts.
At a monthly age, the light day can be done up to 14 hours a day, and for 3-4 months it can be reduced to 8 hours. In General, it is not necessary to especially control it, since the age of the bird almost coincides with the duration of natural daylight. That is, the problem can only arise if the cultivation is carried out in a closed room and you need to create artificially all-natural conditions.
At night, light is also necessary, but only so that they can navigate the room. That is, for the entire room of 25-30 square meters, it will be enough to install a 1 5-watt diode bulb. Nothing else is required.
If everything is done correctly, then in a couple of months you will have healthy and well-fed Guinea fowl, which can be sold or left for the next year for laying eggs.
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